How to immigrate to Canada: 100 different programs you can apply for

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immigrate to canada

Canada has become the destination of choice for many Filipinos. With its strong economy, universal healthcare and reputation for being one of the most welcoming countries on the planet, there is plenty to like about Canada. If you are wondering about how to immigrate to Canada, what are your different options? Read on to find out.

For more than 30 years, the Government of Canada has worked with provincial and territorial governments to provide applicants with many different ways to immigrate to Canada.

With so many different ways to apply as new immigrants to Canada, applicants now have more than 100 different immigration programs to choose from.

Canada has one of the world’s most dynamic immigration systems, allowing it to change its programs and policies to meet the country’s changing population and economic requirements.

Applicants can come to Canada in three different ways:

  • as Economic Immigrants
  • as sponsored family members
  • as refugees

6 out of 10 new immigrants come to Canada as Economic Immigrants, making them the largest group by far.

Applicants under economic class programs are highly educated and skilled applicants who submit their applications from outside Canada, as well as foreign workers and international students who are physically in Canada at the time of their submission.




THE EXPRESS ENTRY SYSTEM

The Express Entry System allows applicants to create an online profile, which are then screened and ranked according to three main immigration classes:

  • Federal Skilled Worker Class
  • Federal Skilled Trades Class
  • Canadian Experience Class

Under Express Entry, applicants are based on a points system called the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

Applicants are given points for different factors including age, educational background, language proficiency as well as other factors.

The higher the score an applicant has, the higher the chances of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA).

An ITA is required to be able to apply as a Permanent Resident under the Express Entry System.




PILOT PROGRAMS

The Government of Canada currently has several different pilot programs in place.

These pilot programs are established on a temporary basis, and have very limited slots available.

These pilot programs include:

  • Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP)
  • Agri-Food Immigration Pilot (AIP)
  • Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP)




PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAM (PNP)

The PNPs started out with just 233 applicants when they first launched in 1996, today more than 60,000 applicants come to Canada under the different PNPs.

The PNPs allow provincial and territorial governments to nominate applicants who meet the minimum requirements of their programs.

The Government of Canada also allows provincial and territorial governments to nominate applicants under the Express Entry System, in a process separate from their PNPs.

Applicants who receive a nomination from provincial and territorial governments are given additional CRS points that gives them an edge over other applicants when it comes to receiving an ITA.

The Government of Canada is still committed to welcoming more than 200,000 new immigrants under its different immigration programs, despite the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.




SKILLED WORKER

Canada is always on the lookout for foreign workers who can make meaningful contributions to the Canadian economy.

Canada’s tightly controlled immigration system is one of the reasons Canada has a more stable economy that a lot of other first-world nations.

Brining in skilled workers is advantageous to Canada. They add value to the Canadian workforce. Granting them permanent residency also gives them incentive to stay and continue contributing to the Canadian economy. All in all, a win-win situation for everyone.

And its not only the skilled worker who gets to benefit from becoming a permanent resident as well. Skilled workers’ qualified dependents also get to come to Canada as part of their application.

Skilled workers can apply to immigrate to Canada under a few different programs, including:




FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM

The Federal Skilled Worker Program is for foreign workers with skilled work experience. This program allows qualified foreign workers to immigrate anywhere in Canada, except for the province of Québec, which has its own program.




QUEBEC SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM

The Québec Skilled Worker Program is for foreign workers with skilled work experience. This program allows qualified foreign workers to immigrate specifically to the province of Québec.




PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAMS

If you have a preference where you’d like to move to in Canada, you might want to look into applying under one of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). PNPs are for foreign workers with skilled work experience, and are run by provinces and territories in partnership with the federal Government of Canada. PNPs nominate eligible foreign workers to come to Canada on a Work Permit, then after meeting the minimum requirements of the program, apply for permanent residency.




FAMILY CLASS SPONSORSHIP

If you already have relatives living in Canada, you may be eligible to apply under the Family Class Sponsorship Program.

Canada is big on family reunification, and this program allows you to be sponsored by a relative who is already a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.

There are different programs under the Family Class Sponsorship Program, including:




SPOUSAL AND COMMON-LAW PARTNER PROGRAM

The Spousal and Common-Law Sponsorship Program allows a Canadian citizen or permanent resident to sponsor their spouse or common-law partner for permanent residency.

To qualify, you will have to meet the minimum requirements of the program, including providing proof that you are indeed a spouse, a common-law partner or a conjugal partner.

Same-sex marriages are recognized in Canada.

An application under this program can be made while the spouse, common-law or conjugal partner is already in Canada.

Canadian citizens and permanent residents sponsoring spouses, common-law or conjugal partners are required to be financially responsible for three years after permanent residency is granted.

Canadian citizens and permanent residents also can’t sponsor another spouse, common-law or conjugal partner five years after an initial application is made.

Canadian citizens and permanent residents and their spouses, common-law or conjugal partners must also commit to living together in a legitimate relationship for at least two years after permanent residency is granted.




PARENT / GRANDPARENT SPONSORSHIP PROGRAM (SUPER VISA)

Canadian citizens and permanent residents can apply for their parents or grandparents to join them in Canada under a special visa, provided they meet the minimum requirements for doing so.

The Canadian citizen or permanent resident must be at least 18 years old, and meet the minimum income requirements.

The Super Visa is valid for ten years, but must be renewed every two years. Parents and grandparents must meet the minimum requirements to be granted a Super Visa. They must also be able to provide proof that they will receive financial support from the Canadian citizen or permanent resident during their stay in Canada. They will also be subject to background checks and medical exams, and will be required to have sufficient health insurance that is valid in Canada.




DEPENDENT CHILD SPONSORSHIP PROGRAM

Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their dependent children.

Both the Canadian citizen or permanent resident and the dependent child must meet the minimum requirements to apply under this program.

Proof of relationship must be provided as part of the requirements for application to this program.

Dependent children are granted permanent residency under this program.




PNP FAMILY CLASS

Provincial Nominee Programs allow foreign workers to bring their family members with them when they come to Canada, but will require Proof of Funds, demonstrating that the skilled worker has the financial capacity to support their family during their stay in Canada.

Applications made under this program are generally faster, with less requirements to meet.




OTHER WAYS TO IMMIGRATE TO CANADA

If you have the financial capacity, you can also apply to immigrate to Canada under a Business Class immigration program.

Business Class programs allow wealthy foreigners to come to Canada to contribute to the Canadian economy. These programs include:




IMMIGRANT INVESTOR VENTURE CAPITAL PILOT PROGRAM

Foreigners with the financial capacity and business background can apply for permanent residency under this program.

They must have a net worth of at least CAD 10 million and invest at least CAD 2 million in a Canadian business over a span of 15 years.




QUEBEC INVESTOR PROGRAM

The Québec Investor Program grants permanent residency to foreigners who have the financial capacity and business background to invest in the province of Québec.




MANITOBA BUSINESS INVESTOR STREAM

The Manitoba Business Investor Stream grants permanent residency to foreigners who have the financial capacity and business background to invest in the province of Manitoba.




START UP VISA PROGRAM

The Start Up Visa Program grants permanent residency to entrepreneurs who would like to expand their existing business in Canada. The program helps create new jobs by bringing new business to Canada.




QUEBEC ENTREPRENEUR PROGRAM

The Québec Entrepreneur Program grants permanent residency to entrepreneurs who would like to expand their existing business in the province of Québec. The program helps create new jobs by bringing new business to the province of Québec.




BC PNP ENTREPRENEUR PROGRAM

The British Columbia PNP Entrepreneur Program grants permanent residency to entrepreneurs who would like to expand their existing business in the province of British Columbia. The program helps create new jobs by bringing new business to the province of British Columbia.




SELF EMPLOYED PERSONS PROGRAM

The Self Employed Persons Program grants permanent residency to self employed business owners who have the skills necessary to be self-employed in Canada. Québec has its own version of the Self Employed Persons Program.




QUÉBEC SELF EMPLOYED PERSONS PROGRAM

The Québec Self Employed Persons Program grants permanent residency to self employed business owners who have the necessary skills to be self employed in the province of Québec.




CANADA EXPERIENCE CLASS

If you already have experience as a temporary foreign worker or an international student in Canada, you might be able to apply under the Canadian Experience Class.

The Canadian Experience Class is part of the Express Entry System. Successful applicants are granted permanent residency to Canada.

Québec also has a similar program called the Québec Experience Class, which allows temporary foreign workers and international students to apply for permanent residency.




PROVINCIAL NOMINEE PROGRAMS

The federal Government of Canada has agreements with provincial and territorial governments that allow them to nominate eligible foreign workers to immigrate to Canada.

Foreign workers who have the necessary skills and work experience specific to the province or territory are granted permanent residency under the different PNPs.

Canada has one of the world’s most dynamic immigration systems. Are you planning to immigrate to Canada anytime soon?


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